Health and Safety

Top 10 Cat Illnesses or Diseases

shutterstock_190723133--top-ten-health-problems-cats-have Raising a feline pet is like having your own child. Cat care involves preventive health measures that you have to be aware of. They need regular vet check-ups, proper nutrition, conducive environment, vaccinations and tender, loving care.

Cats are vulnerable to several ailments and diseases when not  taken care of. Like humans, an ounce of prevention is better than a pound of cure. If your cat is experiencing early signs of low immunity or weakness see the vet before it gets worse.

 

Vet Visits

Make it a habit each year to take your cat to a veterinarian for check-up and necessary vaccinations. Preventive routines include blood tests, dental cleaning and good grooming. Regular visits to the vet will help you avoid serious complications and costs.  Below are common possible cat health problems.

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Obesity

To ensure your kitty is healthy, always check its weight, stats and other vital signs. Staying fit can prevent pain, arthritis, diabetes and liver disorders. In general, cats can also have similar diseases like humans. Maintaining the cat’s ideal weight starts from doing regular physical activities. In case your feline becomes overweight, it is about time to reduce its calorie intake by at least 30%.  Overweight cats are susceptible to heart problems and even premature death.

Pet obesity can be alarming. Be careful not to overefeed your cat.  Provide opportunities for exercise daily.  Playing with your cat and providing a cat gym helps.  Pet obesity is often caused by a poor diet. Ask your veterinarian what food and exercise is best to maintain a healthy lifestyle for your cat.

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Vomiting and diarrhea

Consult your doctor what food to give your cat. Not all that humans eat is a good choice.  Chocolate, coffee, tea, alcoholic beverages and anything with caffeine can cause vomiting and diarrhea. Giving these undesirable foods to your pet can cause serious health problems. If you notice bloody or black stools,  take your cat to the nearest vet for immediate examination. Your cat may be experiencing internal bleeding. Let your pet drink more water before going to the vet for proper treatment.

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Fractures

A cat falling from very high places can lead to injury. This happens when the fall is sudden, before it can adjust its body position to land uninjured. Check if your feline feels pain when you touch it. Observe if it is limping or having difficulty to move around the house. When you see any of these, your pet may be suffering from fracture. This is serious so report it to your vet at once.

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Dental problems

Cats that get bad breath or experience difficulty in chewing may need dental care.  Halitosis may signal gingivitis or potential digestive disorders. Get your cat dental attention if you notice red or swollen gums, mouth or tongue ulcers, continuous pawing at the mouth or loose teeth. Cat’s teeth should be  brushed using a toothpaste and brush meant for felines. Let your cat have a soft toy to a chew on to prevent appearance of hard to remove tartar.

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Kidney disease

Kidney disease is common among old cats regardless of age.  This happens when the  kidneys are unable to filter toxins. The toxins build up in the body instead of being excreted in urine. It can come from any number of things. Exposure to hazardous chemicals, infection, cancer, hypertension, age, and poor nutrition.  Early symptoms of kidney disease are vomiting, diarrhea, loss of appetite, weakness, and weight loss. In some instances, dialysis or transplant among cats may be in order.

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Fleas

If your pet cat is doing frequent scratching, has hair loss or bald patches, it probably has fleas. These parasites bite and suck the pet’s blood. Try using a flea comb. Fleas and eggs get caught in the fine prongs.  To get rid of the fleas and eggs, seek your vet’s advice. He can provide you the best shampoo brands to drive away the fleas. You will also need to clean your house of fleas to keep them from reinfecting your cat.

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Heartworm

The source of heartworm disease is mosquitoes. Symptoms include respiratory disorders, coughing, and vomiting. Ensure that your feline has strong immunity to fight back infection. Have a monthly preventive checkup with your veterinarian to prevent this disease.

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Arthritis

Older cats can have arthritis. Your senior pets may be slow to move in the morning or reluctant to jump to their favorite couch. A routine examination can identify potential arthritis symptoms among the feline pets. Undergoing an x-ray can show inflamed joints in your pet cat. Although arthritis cannot be cured, there are available joint supplements that ease symptoms. You can also try acupuncture to let your pet become mobile again.

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Infectious diseases

Infectious diseases can be common among cats. Common symptoms are runny nose, coughing, fever, sneezing, mouth sores or teary eyes. Your feline companions are susceptible to viral infections or respiratory diseases. Other common diseases can result in bloody stool, diarrhea, body weakness, thirst and dehydration. Always consult your vet for immediate remedy.

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Urinary tract disease

Feline lower urinary tract disease is the most popular disease that a feline can suffer from. This happens when the bladder and the urethra are affected. You can notice this when your favorite pet stops drinking by observing the litter box. You might notice little or no urine production or signs of irritation when urinating.

Frequent licking of the genitalia or appearance of blood in the urine often signals infection. Visit your vet immediately if you notice your pet is no longer urinating. This might be due to urethral blockage. This can be fatal when left unattended.

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Cats don’t really have nine lives.  They have just one.  One body that they rely on to feel good and offer their human friends companionship and comfort.  Take care of your pet and it will take care of you.  Consider getting pet health insurance.  Generally only available to younger cats, you want to get your pet on a plan now. Once a cat is on a plan, it can usually stay one it once it gets older, when health problems get worse. This will save you money and keep your cat healthy for years to come.

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