Health and Safety

Cat Health Maintenance and Care

shutterstock_340071806Cat Care

Ensuring your cat’s optimal health is every owner’s responsibility. There are many considerations like routine feline treatments and veterinary cat care. Your pet cats cannot tell you if they feel any pain or something is wrong. Getting a regular comprehensive exam can help identify the health of your pets. Your veterinarian is your partner in safeguarding the welfare of your cats.

cat-on-scale-2.2Vital signs

You can bring your feline to a vet clinic once or twice a year. In a comprehensive exam, expect your cat to get a nose-to-tail checkup. It involves checking your pet’s vital body systems and ensuring everything is functioning well. Each time you visit the clinic, your cat will have to weigh-in.  If it is underweight or overweight, it will get nutritional counseling. You may have to change its food or feeding schedule. You may also have to allow it more exercise. Your vet can advise you on how to help your cat achieve its ideal weight.

vet-cat-eyes-2.2Your cat’s coat is a good indicator of its health. Your veterinarian will inspect your pet’s eyes for any abnormal or irregular movements. It includes their responses to light, redness, or visible discharges. He will also check the structures at the back of the pet’s eyes. For old cats, the vet looks for potential symptoms of cataract. This may cloud the cat’s vision or eye lens. In the long-term, this can cause blindness.

vet-cat-ears-2.2Your vet will observe your pet’s earflap, eardrums, and ear canals. He will check signs of infection, redness or abnormal scent. Your doctor will also inspect the presence of parasites such as ear mites or unusual growths or tumors.

vet-cat-teeth-2.2To ensure your cat is healthy, your vet will observe both its nose and mouth. This includes discharges or abnormal growths in the nose. It also involves any abnormal scent, swelling and masses in the mouth. An observation of any of these symptoms can show early signs of periodontal disease. Dental health contributes to a healthy pet’s wellbeing. Improving your cat’s dental health starts from regular brushing.

vet-cat-stomach-3.2An annual check-up also includes your cat’s full body review. Your vet will look into your feline’s anal sacs, joints, legs, and abdomen. He will determine any signs of unusual pain or abnormal growths. Your vet may ask for your pet’s stool sample to see any presence of parasites.

vet-stethescope-cat-2.2Your vet will also check your cat’s heart and lung functions. He will inspect any abnormal lung sounds or heart murmurs. A blood test can identify any abnormality in your pet’s internal organs like kidney and liver.

vet-sick-cat-3.2Visiting the vet

If your pet cat gets sick or injured, bring your feline immediately to your vet for proper treatment. Do not give any medication not prescribed by your pet doctor. If your cat ingested any harmful substance, call your vet at once for immediate remedy.

litter-kittens-2.2Neutering and spaying

When your female pets reach five months, schedule them for spaying. You can subject your male cats to neutering during this age. Spaying for female cats enables them to live healthier and longer. It prevents breast tumors and uterine infections. Spaying your female cat before its first heat can protect it from such diseases. Early neutering the male cats prevents them from prostate issues and testicular cancer.

Spaying also has behavioral benefits to the female cats. They do not go into heat. Their cycles may vary. Female cats get into heat about four to five days every three weeks during the breeding period. When they want to mate, they usually create a yowling sound and urinate more.

cats-fighting-3.2Your neutered male cat is well behaved. Unneutered male pets like marking their territory. They like leaving a strong scent of their urine all over the house. You can prevent your male cats’ aggression by early neutering.

cat-surgery-prep-2.2Both spaying and neutering your pet cats are cost-effective. The budget for your cat’s spay or neuter surgery is cheaper than raising a litter.

For kittens, it is safe to conduct spaying or neutering as young as eight weeks old. Among animal shelters, the vet can do surgery by this time. Sterilizing the kittens is possible before adoption. To avoid urine spraying and any case for pregnancy, you have to schedule the surgery. This should occur before your feline reaches five months. Spaying a female cat while in heat is possible.

cat-injection-4.2Required vaccinations

Depending on your cat’s health and age, your vet knows well the needed vaccinations for your pet. Vaccines boost the body’s immune system. They help combat several disease-causing organisms. They have antigens to get rid of free radicals and toxins. A vaccine entering the body stimulates the immune system. When a pet cat gets the disease, his immune system recognizes the toxins. It also fights them off to reduce the severity of the illness.

cat-injection-3.2Vaccines also help in strengthening your pet’s health. Not all pets need vaccines. Talk to your veterinarian about the necessary vaccinations that your pet needs. Before giving vaccines to the pet cats, there are many factors to consider. These involve the medical history, age, travel habits, environment, and lifestyle. Most pet doctors administer basic vaccines to the healthy pets. Core vaccines are important to all cats. These include their exposure risk, the gravity of disease or transmission to the humans. Your pet doctor is the best person to tell what vaccines that your pet needs.

Neutering Cats and Why You Should Do It copyKittens usually get antibodies in the milk from their mother cats. The mother cats have a healthy immune system. When your kitty reaches six to eight weeks of age, your pet doctor can start giving a series of vaccines. The young pet receives the vaccines within three-or-four-week intervals. This continues until the young cat reaches 16 weeks of age. Vets schedule revaccinations for adult cats each year or every three years.

Things-to-Consider-Before-Getting-a-CatSupply list

The cat supply checklist includes buying premium cat food or healthy natural foods.  Make sure your cat always has clean water. There are fresh running water devices available as well. Cats need to drink frequently and they don’t like to drink old or dirty water. If your cat kicks out litter from the box, consider a covered litter box to control the mess.  During your cats’ playtime, it should have interactive toys.

cat-scratching-pole Prepare your felines designated toothbrush, comb, safety collar with ID tag and scratching pad. When a cat goes in for a procedure that requires anethesia, ask the vet about inserting an identity chip.  It will help if your cat gets lost. When traveling, bring a cat carrier for your pet with a cat bed or box with warm blanket or towel.

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